ELISA and HCV RNA are the most widely used. ELISA (enzyme imunoabsorbant test) detects the presence of antibodies to Hepatitis C virus in the blood. HCV RNA Tests directly detects the presence of Hepatitis C virus particles in the blood. Other tests can also be done, such as tests of liver enzymes that may indicate liver disease and liver biopsy that can help your doctor determine the severity of the liver disease caused by Hepatitis C. Individuals who tested positive for Hepatitis C, undergo a genotype test, which determines the type of Hepatitis C. According to genotype Hepatitis C, your doctor will make decisions as to how to treat the disease, including treatment duration. In addition, you will learn and how you have Hepatitis C in blood. Besides determining the genotype, you can also test and determine the viral load. This number shows you how Hepatitis C in blood. Although viral load does not determine how the disease will affect the liver, it can be an indicator of treatment success. The test is conducted both before and during the treatment to demonstrate how effective the treatment really is.
There is no vaccine against Hepatitis C. Since this hepatitis is spread mainly through blood, the only way to prevent illness is applying rigorous measures of personal hygiene and health