STD Statistics in Hammond
The Indiana Disease Intervention specialists (DIS) in 2015 found 11 new cases of HIV in a city that previously had only five new cases per year. An intense investigation linked needle sharing to these additional cases.
STD Testing and Sex Education
In spite of the sea change in sexual behavior of people in general, parents still find it difficult to provide their kids with accurate sexual information. So, it is left to the school to provide the right information to school kids, at the right age.
The state policy for sexuality education is as follows. School-age kids should be taught
- To abstain from sexual activity without the sanctity of marriage
- Abstinence is the only way to avoid teen pregnancy, STDs, and all the associated problems
- A loyal monogamous marital relationship is the only way to avoid STDs
- About HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases
- To respect the moral aspects of a monogamous relationship
All school sex education curriculum and informative material about AIDS/HIV must first be reviewed by an AIDS Advisory Council of 13 members. Members of this council would include representatives belonging to the state department of health, parents, teachers, administrators, and students. Parental approval is not required for students to participate in this program. If however, parents do not approve of the program, they are free to move their child to a different school.
But despite all this talk of abstinence, the link provided below shows evidence that a huge percentage of school kids are sexually active.
When sexuality is discussed openly, the mystery factor that is such a huge draw to curious kids is removed. The existing programs merely put the fear of STD into kids without actually going into what it is all about. As a result, they have no idea that there are STD testing facilities that provide confidential and private STD testing, and that STDs can be treated. They don’t know that STD clinics provide information, treatment, and counseling.
STD Testing and Sexual Health
The city has a population of 487,865 of which 71 percent are white and 25.9 percent African American. Both ethnic groups are equally vulnerable to STD. The Indiana State Health Department has introduced a program called Expedited Partner Therapy (ETP). This is a program that treats partners of patients undergoing treatment after being diagnosed as STD positive. Note that the partner does not have to undergo STD testing. However, patients are encouraged to bring their partners to STD clinics for a thorough evaluation and, if needed, private STD testing.
- EPT is meant for those in a heterosexual relationship because the effect of EPT on people with different sexual orientation has not yet been studied.
- Infected patients are informed that all partners need to be screened.
The partners are provided with the same medication as the infected patients irrespective of whether or not they come in for STD tests. STD educative material is also sent to partners through the patients.
The physician will maintain a record of all information and educative material the partners are provided with. If patients refuse to divulge the names of their partners, then all documentation relating to the partners will go into the patients’ file.
To round up, not all STDs can be cured. But those that cannot be cured can be treated effectively preventing further deterioration. Since the use of infected syringes to injects drugs was found to be one of the causes for the rapid spread of STD in the city, In response to the problem the government introduced the syringe exchange program to arrest it. Schools lay more emphasis on the morality of sex outside marriage. But this has not curbed the increase in sexual activity amongst teenagers.
Finally, EPT is a program that aims to treat not just the infected patient but also the partner; thus, reducing the possibility of reinfection without forcing STD testing on the partner.