There are a wide variety of STDs that a person could potentially come into contact with throughout the course of their life. However, in any given area of a state or country, there are some sexually transmitted diseases that are much more commonly spread and diagnosed than others. Because of this, it is important to be sure that you know the STDs that are most common in your area. In the city of Ames, the most commonly found STD is Chlamydia. Chlamydia occurs at a rate of about 368 cases per 100,000 people.
The numbers for other STDs in contrast to Chlamydia are quite a bit lower. However, it is quite important to keep aware of all potential health threats that you might face. HIV is the second most common STD in the city overall. It occurs at a rate of about 44.7 cases per 100,000 people. While these rates are significantly lower than Chlamydia, sexual responsibility and testing for HIV are still quite important.
Gonorrhea cases occur at a rate just below that of HIV throughout the city. The exact numbers are at 36.8 cases per 100,000 people. Other STDs occur at very low or almost negligible rates. Syphilis, for example, occurs at rates of 1.1 cases per 100,000 people for early latent Syphilis and 8.9 cases per 100,000 people for primary and secondary infections.
In terms of overall trends, HIV rates in the city and state are fairly stable. Ames has a rate lower than the rest of the state which in 2013 had an HIV diagnosis rate of about 76 per 100,000 and today is more in the range of 68.1 per 100,000. And the city tends to be significantly lower in terms of rates for all STDs in comparison with the state and the nation as a whole.
Iowa is one of the few states in the nation that has detailed requirements and laws regarding health education and specifically sexual health education in the public school classroom. Health education is required starting in kindergarten and continues all the way through the end of high school. Early health education is required to deal with infectious and communicable diseases including the AIDS and HIV viruses.
However, the bulk of STD education in schools is required starting in middle school and extends into high school. These lessons need to focus on the characteristics of STDs and means of prevention. Iowa also requires that HPV (human papillomavirus) is one of the STDs discussed in health class. Abstinence is emphasized as a prevention method, but other contraceptive options and STD testing and treatment is also discussed.
Parents do have some control over what their children are taught in health class though. They can be opted out if parents deem the content inappropriate or undesirable for their children. There are other resources that citizens can seek out. These include public and private STD testing centers as well as school nurses and counselors as well as other medical offices.
Much of the public health information available is highly contingent on the demographics of any given area. The same is true of STD rates and statistics. The population of Ames was 63,266 in 2014 and of the total population, 82.5 percent of those people were Caucasian or White. Just over 9 percent identified as Asian and just over 3 percent identified as African American or Black. Additionally, 47.6 percent of the population was female while 52.4 percent were male.
In the state of Iowa, around 63 percent of the HIV cases that occur are diagnosed in the White or Caucasian population and of the remaining cases, 22 percent occur among the African American or Black community. Chlamydia, on the other hand, occurs at the highest rate in the city among women. In fact, Chlamydia diagnoses were 2.5 times more common in women than in men. The two age groups most likely to have a Chlamydia diagnosis are 20 to 24 year olds and 15 to 19 year olds.
Based on these numbers, it is easy to see some of the ways in which the demographics of the city can influence the rates of STDs in the area. Compared to statewide statistics, it is below average in all STD diagnoses and based on the city’s population, this fits with the basic demographic information.
With all of this information in mind, you can now see how important it is to get an STD test as soon as possible. It is better to know your STD status than continue on with an undiagnosed STD unknowingly and without proper care and treatment. Now is the time to do something good for your health and well-being and call an STD Clinic to schedule your confidential tests today. Remember to request the standard STD tests for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis as well as the basic blood test of HIV. Other screenings and tests are also available if you are concerned that you have been exposed to a different sexually transmitted disease. Once you know your STD status, you can get treatment and make sure that you are always putting your health first.