In order to better understand the sexual health risks that you may face in your personal life, you need to know more about the specific STDs that are more common in the area in which you live than others. There are a great many STDs in existence in the world. However, only a few are commonly transmitted and diagnosed in the United States. And of those specific STDs, every region and city has different struggles and diagnosis rates.
It is Chlamydia that seems to occur at the highest rates. The exact numbers are at about 349.7 cases per every 100,000 people. However, it is not the only STD that can and does occur in the city and the surrounding area.
- HIV is the second most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted disease. The specific rates at which HIV occurs are at around 53.7 cases per 100,000 people.
- Gonorrhea follows quickly behind HIV with a similar rate of 32.6 cases per 100,000 people.
- And while highly uncommon, Syphilis is occasionally diagnosed in the area as well. There have been no early or latent Syphilis cases reported in the recent past.
- However, primary and secondary Syphilis occurs at a rate of around 2.8 cases per 100,000 people.
Generally speaking, the STD rates in this particular Michigan city are low. In fact, compared with state and national levels, the prevalence of STDs overall is low. Across the state, for example, Chlamydia occurs at a rate of 481.6 cases per 100,000 people compared to the low, by comparison, 349.7 in the city. And compared to the national average, the community is doing very well at HIV prevention with only 53.7 per 100,000 compared to the national average of 350.4 cases per 100,000.
General sexual health education is not legally required to be taught in public schools by the government of the state of Michigan. However, the one exception to the lack of set regulation occurs in terms of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. The law states that schools are required to teach about STDs in general and HIV/AIDS specifically. These lessons on STDs are required to have an abstinence based prevention curriculum in which abstinence is touted as the best choice for avoiding STD contraction and for living a healthy and positive lifestyle as a single young adult.
Additionally, school districts are allowed to teach additional sexual health education classes that focus on human sexuality, STDs and pregnancy prevention (including abstinence as well as other contraception options), and family life education. There must be advisory boards set up to determine and approve the curriculum and materials for these programs and even then, parents are able to opt their child out of sexual education classes if they are uncomfortable with the subject matter and materials.
This is one of the public school districts that offers a more full sexual health education program and has a sex ed advisory board to help develop the curriculum. Sexual health education begins in fifth grade and continues intermittently through high school. The lessons are designed to be age appropriate and do include STD and HIV/AIDS risk identification, characteristics, testing, and prevention techniques.
As of mid-year 2015, there were about 26,060 people living in the Mt Pleasant, Michigan area. Out of the total population 52.6 percent of the people are female and 47.4 percent are male. The racial demographics of the community are relative homogeneous with a total of around 87.6 percent of the population identifying as Caucasian or White and only 3.9 percent identifying as Black or African American and 3.3 percent as Hispanic or Latino.
The demographic makeup of a city or an area can have a significant impact on numerous aspects of life in that area, including public health issues like sexually transmitted diseases. In Isabella County, in which this community is located, around 68 percent of all Chlamydia cases occur among Caucasian people and 16 percent among African American people. On the other hand 60 percent of Gonorrhea cases occur among Caucasian people and 30 percent occur among people who are African American. Based on the demographics of the city, it is easy to see how the rates are lower than average, particularly in the instance of Gonorrhea.
While this is an area with a relatively low prevalence of STDs overall, it is still important to take control of your sexual health and get yourself tested as soon as possible. Only you can take that first step towards a better understanding of your sexual and reproductive health. The first step is simply to pick up the phone and schedule yourself an appointment for a Confidential STD Screening Test. There are separate tests for certain STDs.
The standard screening is for both Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. A separate blood test is performed for HIV and other blood tests can be performed to test for Syphilis, Herpes, and other STDs. So, pick up that phone and make that call. The sooner you have answers, the sooner you can get the care and treatment you need if you do have an STD or you can breathe easy knowing you have a clean bill of health.