Information is gathered from physicians, hospitals and STD testing centers who report on the number of positive cases of communicable diseases each year. Demographic data such as region, type of disease, age, sex, gender and socioeconomic background are used but the identity of ll persons is kept strictly confidential. The data provides analysts with the necessary facts to help determine which groups are at the highest risk for contracting an STD. These are the annually reported cases of STDs in the area. The numbers represent total cases per 100,000 population.
- Chlamydia -713.9
- Prim and Secondary Syphilis -9.3
- Early Syphilis -16.1
Testing has increased over the last 20 years because of the changes that have been made in prenatal screening. Physicians routinely test for STD infection in pregnant women to help safeguard unborn babies from contracting disease if the mother is infected. In addition to this, public awareness of the growing problem has increased in some sectors.
The number of HIV infections has decreased over the past decade while Gonorrhea cases have increased. The largest increase is seen in cases of Chlamydia being reported. This is the most prolific of all STD cases reported, seen particularly in younger people.
The increases in STD infection bring about the need for more STD clinics for confidential testing as many people either do not have private family physicians or prefer not to have testing done with family doctors. Because of the increased numbers of STD cases being reported, local and state officials have implemented strategies to educate larger segments of the population about the spread of STD infections. Mandatory sexual health education has now become a part of the curriculum in public schools. This effort is an attempt to reach young people just prior to the average age at which sexual experimentation begins. Knowledge about the consequences of unprotected sex is discussed along with statistics about adolescent pregnancies and STD infections. Long term effects upon the reproduction system and general health are shared along with where students may go for a Herpes test or HIV testing in Durham, North Carolina.
All STD testing statistics are forwarded to the CDC where analysts compile the data in reports that tell which groups are testing positive for STD infection. This information is used to target specific groups which are at the highest risk for infection, to help curb the spread of these diseases. Results show that age, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status are major factors which influence the decline in the sexual health of residents in this region.
Chlamydia, among the most frequently diagnosed STD is seen in high numbers among Black females with the rate doubling that over white females followed by Hispanic feamales, and female American Indians. In the male population, Blacks report the highest numbers of cases followed by American Indians, Hispanics and White. Rates with regard to age grouping show that females in the 20 to 24 age group have the highest numbers followed by those age 15 to 19 and next, 25 to 29. Among males, the 20 to 24 group is followed by 25 to 29 and 15 to 19 coming in third place.
HIV infection is highest among Black males with Black females next, followed by Hispanic males, White males and Hispanics. The rates of infection are highest among males. Of the males, the highest incidences are in the 20 to 24 age group with those 25-29, followed by white females in the 45 to 49 year age grouping.
Gonorrhea is seen more frequently in Black females than in any other group in the area, followed by Black males, White females, White males, Hispanic males and Hispanic females. Syphilis is most common in Black males, followed by White males, and thirdly, by Black females.
Those who are at or below the poverty level are at an increased risk for STD infection and for spreading it to others. This is believed to be because of a lack of education about the dangers of unsafe sex, paired with inadequate financial resources for quality healthcare and regular screening. Although there are STD testing centers available which offer free or reduced fees for STD testing, the funding for these clinics is given on a cynical basis and when funds are depleted, some people could end up waiting for the needed tests, until funds are replenished.
Anyone may be at risk for getting an STD. It is often spread by people who are not even aware that they are infected. Getting tested is the best way to ensure that you have the best sexual health and it will give you peace of mind. Take a few moments of your time to order your confidential STD testing and make a quick visit to the lab where friendly and professional staff will assist you and answer all of your questions. You will have your results shortly after the visit and within minutes, you’ll be on your way to enjoy the amazing sights and sounds of the city.