The most commonly diagnosed STD in the area is Chlamydia by a landslide. In fact, doctors and health officials alike are quite concerned with the rise in cases of Chlamydia because for every case that is diagnosed, there are also numerous cases that are undiagnosed. The city has a rate of Chlamydia of right around 439.4 per 100,000 people.
Both the city and the county have the highest rates of HIV in the state. The rate of HIV cases are at around 271.4 per 100,000 people. These higher than average rates compared to the rest of the region and state can be quite disconcerting and troubling and should lead to increased rates of prevention efforts as well as more consistent testing efforts by sexually active citizens.
Gonorrhea is another STD that is often diagnosed. However, it is at much lower rates than those for Chlamydia and HIV.
- The gonorrhea diagnosis rate is at about 29.5 per 100,000 people.
- Syphilis is by far and away the least common STD in the region but does still get diagnosed occasionally.
- Primary and secondary Syphilis rates are 3.4 cases per 100,000 people. E
- Early latent Syphilis is diagnosed at about 4.1 cases per 100,000 people.
Even though Syphilis is not as common, it is still important to get tested for it.
In terms of sexual health education, the state has no requirements for public schools to provide any comprehensive sexual education lessons or courses. However, there is one exception to this rule. The state does require that elementary, middle, and high schools provide students with an HIV and AIDS curriculum. This includes providing students with a solid understanding of what the disease entails and how it is transmitted. However, the biggest emphasis of these lessons must be on HIV and AIDS prevention, particularly through abstinence.
Reproductive health and abstinence education are a part of the general health class curriculum in public schools, though parents are able to opt their children out of this portion of the health curriculum. Much of the requires sexual health education focuses on abstinence rather than STD testing and treatments for sexually transmitted diseases.
These resources are available through STI clinics, primary care providers, OB/GYNs, and school nurse’s offices. Some counseling centers in schools may also be able to provide resources to help with these issues and any questions adults and young people alike may have.
The makeup of a city and its residents can have a major impact upon its health statistics, including those related to sexual health and STD testing. As of July of 2015, 90.1 percent of residents in the area were white while 4.2 percent were American Indian (i.e. Native American). Females made up 51.4 percent of the population while 48.6 percent were male.
In the city 271.4 cases of HIV are reported and diagnosed per 100,000 people while the state average is at around 144.6 cases of HIV per 100,000 people.
The high concentration of people in the city (the population as of 2015 is 148,686) may also have to do with the prevalence of HIV and Chlamydia especially because 55.2 percent of people are between 19 and 64 years of age. This means that the vast majority of people living in the city are young to middle aged adults and are also likely to be sexually active, which can lead to elevated rates of sexually transmitted diseases.
Overall, life in the city is fantastic. With some many historical, cultural, and natural sites to be seen as well as so much to do, it can be easy to get distracted and feel as though you can just put off your STD testing for another day. However, the longer you wait, the greater the possibility that you could be living with an undiagnosed and untreated STD.
So, make the call to get your confidential screening test scheduled as soon as possible. This will help to ensure that you are taking control of your sexual health. If you do not have any STDs after all of the blood work and other tests are performed, you will have greater peace of mind. And if you do, you will have the equally important peace of mind knowing that you are getting the treatment that you need to get and stay healthy going forward.