There are numerous STDs that a person can contract. However, some of these viruses and diseases are far more common than others. In the Stillwater, OK area, the most common STD around is Chlamydia.
- Chlamydia occurs at a rate of around 474.4 cases per 100,000 people.
- Second to Chlamydia for most common STD in the area is Gonorrhea. Gonorrhea has a rate at around 89.8 cases per 100,000.
- Coming in third, HIV is diagnosed somewhat often as well but only about 55.5 cases occur per 100,000 people.
These current rates can also be compared to the state as a whole for a more comprehensive understanding of where Stillwater stands in comparison to surrounding areas. Compared to the rest of the state, it has a higher than average rate of Chlamydia. While Oklahoma as a whole is at 444.2 cases per 100,000, the city has 474.4. However, in spite of the elevated rates of Chlamydia, both Gonorrhea and HIV occur at lower rates in Stillwater than in the rest of the state.
Statewide, the rates of transmission and new cases of HIV rose significantly from 2009 to present. However, from 2014 to present, those rates have somewhat stabilized. Because the city and county have lower rates of HIV transmission though, a more concerted effort may be being made in the area to prevent transmission. Alternatively, there may be other demographic reasons for the differences in rates as well. Although the rates of some STDs are lower in the area, remaining vigilant about STD prevention and treatment is still extremely important.
The state does not have a state mandate regarding sexual education in public school classrooms. School districts are able to choose whether or not they would like to teach a sexual education class as a part of their curriculum. Should a school district choose to offer a sexual education curriculum, they need to have the curriculum approved by the state’s department of education to ensure that it is medically accurate. Additionally, the state government requires that the primary focus and goal of sexual education is to promote an abstinence-only philosophy of sexual health preservation.
HIV education is required by the state. However, the information that is taught is required to be quite limited. The scientific facts about the disease are to be taught as well as prevention. However, the prevention lessons are taught with an abstinence only skew. Because the state is quite conservative in their teachings on sexual health in public schools, other resources are available. Health clinics and medical professionals can provide additional guidance and if children have specific questions, a school nurse or counselor can be an excellent resource to access.
While sexual education may be limited the city does provide the requisite HIV education in health classes as well as basic reproductive health information to students in terms of handling puberty and the basic anatomy and physiology of the body. This basic education does provide young people with a basis of knowledge that can and will help them to better understand their bodies and the importance of taking proper care of their health and wellbeing throughout their life.
In the city the local demographics may have an influence upon STD prevalence and the testing rates. The total population of the area is about 48,406, making it a smaller city than many others. Generally speaking, cities that are smaller have lower rates of STD transmission, though this is not always the case. Of those 48,406 people, 48.2 percent are female and 51.8 are male. Around 73.9 percent of people in the city are Caucasian and only 5 percent are African American.
To help put these demographic statistics into a bit of perspective, keep in mind that 86.1 percent of new cases of HIV that were reported in 2015 were male and African American males suffered the highest rates of new HIV cases and accounted for about 43.1 percent of those cases in the state. Stillwater’s lower than average rates of this STD, therefore, could be attributed to the specific demographics of the city itself. While this is only part of the puzzle, it is important to keep in mind that demographics and city size can play a major role in STD transmission statistics.
So, while you are thinking about it, now is as good a time as any to take a few minutes and make a simple phone call. Get in contact with a Free STD Testing Center is Stillwater and be sure to schedule your STD test. Make certain that you get the standard STD screening for gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis, as well as HIV. And while, the herpes virus is not as common in the area, if you fear you have been exposed to it, you can also opt to ask for that blood test as well. Getting tested will help you to ensure that you are taking care of your sexual health and that you get treatment if and/or when you have an STD.