Urbana, Illinois is a city located within Champaign County. It serves as the county seat for this area of Illinois. The University of Illinois, Urbana is located for the most part within the city limits, the rest being in the city of Champaign.
As of 2017, the population of Urbana, IL was 41,250. Urbana was originally only 40 acres of land owned by the city’s founder, Colonel M.W. Busey. It has since grown to cover 11.69 square miles. The Urbana Sweetcorn Festival is a festival in Urbana. It was first held in August 1975. Originally, it was an event put on by the members of the Busey Bank. Now it is sponsored by the business association of Urbana. The event includes vendors, music, and food.
Many within the county believe that sexually transmitted infections are one of the lower priority health issues being dealt with. However, the numbers of reported cases continue to rise. Medical experts concerned with lowering those numbers believe that one of the primary reasons for the number of cases is the presence of the University within the city.
Statistics reported is based on publicly available data sources such as CDC for Champaign County, IL. Data is normalized to accurately report Champaign County STD Breakdown.
Additional STD Test Statistics in Urbana, IL
Within the state of Illinois, there has been an increase in Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis rates. There has also been a rise in HIV and AIDS cases. According to the State and County Specific HIV and AIDS Incidence and Prevalence Update as of March 2017 there were 108 new HIV cases and 34 new AIDS cases in Cook county. This is an increase of 22.7% for HIV cases and 11.7% for AIDS.
For Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and Syphilis the age demographic most impacted were those aged 20-24. Therefore, many believe the presence of the University within city limits plays a part in the number of cases.
The state is ranked 11th for reported cases of Chlamydia. Reported cases were 2.1 times higher among women than men. There were also approximately 85% more cases of Chlamydia than there was Gonorrhea. In 2009, there were 696.8 cases reported of Chlamydia and only 196 cases of Gonorrhea. Black, non-Hispanics were the ethnic demographic most impacted.
In 2014, there 357 reported case of Gonorrhea within the county. The gender demographic most impacted were females. The ethnic demographic most impacted were Black, non-Hispanics. Nearly 64% of the reported cases fell within this demographic.
Males aged 20-24 were most impacted by early Syphilis. The number of males impacted was almost three times greater than the number of females. Black, non-Hispanic males were the ethnic demographic most impacted.
Black, non-Hispanic males were most impacted by HIV. IN 2014, there 5,614 cases that fell within these demographics. Men having sex with men had the highest result of HIV infections.
STD Testing and Sexual Education in Urbana, IL
Within the local system, students are facing the same issue as in other schools across the country. However, educators in Illinois seem to be more determined to teach medically sound facts than those in some other states. In August of 2013 Bill HB 2675 was passed. This piece of legislation prohibits abstinence only education within public schools. If schools decide to not include comprehensive information they can choose to not have a sexual education course at all.
Located within the city is the McKinley Health Center. They provide in-house and outreach programs to educate the population about STI’s and way in which to prevent and treat them. The Peer Education Program was created to encourage student leadership by using students to provide health and wellness education to other students.
The Coalition for Comprehensive Sex Education (CCSE) is a local association thatadvocates for the implementation of effective sex education in Champaign County schools. Champaign County schools do not currently have a consistent policy regarding sex ed. Each student gets different information depending upon which school and which teacher they have. The coalition is working to change this for all students to receive the same and accurate information.
There is also new curriculum being implemented within many of the classrooms which has been produced by the Champaign-Urbana Public Health Department. The Health Department recently spent nearly $5,000 of grant money to put into effect a program called “Our Whole Lives” or OWL. They are also distributing curriculum called “Family Life and Sexual Health” (FLASH).
There is a Planned Parenthood in Urbana. They offer comprehensive sexual education material. They also offer condoms and other forms of birth control.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Demographics in Urbana, IL
There is most likely a correlation between the fact that males are most impacted by HIV and Syphilis and the fact that they are the gender demographic most impacted by poverty. In 2015, nearly 35% of the population living below the poverty level were male.
There could also possibly be a correlation between the fact that the age demographic most impacted by poverty is the same age demographic most impacted by STI’s. This could also have to do with the fact that a good portion of the city is college students and therefore college individuals.
There does not seem to be a correlation between the fact that Black, non-Hispanics are the greatest ethnic demographic impacted by STI’s and HIV, and the number of Black, non-Hispanics living in poverty. There are more White, non-Hispanics and Asians living in poverty than there are Black, non-Hispanics. Black, non-Hispanics comprise only 21% of the population living below the poverty level.
There could also be a correlation between the fact that the number of Black, non-Hispanics enrolled in women’s health services is far less than White, non-Hispanic women, and the fact Black, non-Hispanic females are the gender demographic most impacted by Chlamydia and gonorrhea. This number has been decreasing since 2013. Between 2013 and 2015 the number decreased from 74% to 64%.
Finally, there could be a correlation between the fact that Black, non-Hispanic graduates made up only 16% of the total amount of graduates from college, and the fact that Black, non-Hispanics are the ethnic demographic most impacted by STI’s and HIV. Black, non-Hispanic graduates had a graduation rate that was 60% less than White, non-Hispanics. Males, the greatest gender demographic impacted by STI’s and HIV were also less likely to graduate than females.
STI Testing Resources in Urbana, IL
The Eastern Illinois University Health Clinic offers STI testing. Their offices are located in the city of Champaign which is about a 9-minute drive from Urbana. They offer testing for all STI’s. It is $30 for males and $45 for females. The female testing includes a Pap Smear. Their office hours vary as the staff travels to different locations and it is recommended that individuals call before going in.
The offices for the Champaign-Urbana Public Health District also offer testing and treatment. They are located in Champaign and focuses on administering the PrEP, which is a Pre-exposure prophylaxis antiretroviral medicine that is supposed taken daily by HIV-negative people to reduce their risk of infection. Tests are free to those who have no insurance.
There is a Planned Parenthood in Urbana. They offer testing for all major STI’s and have counseling available. They accept many major insurances. Individuals who are aged 19-26 who have no health insurance and meet certain criteria. They test for bacterial vaginosis, chlamydia, genital warts, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV, syphilis, and trichomoniasis.
This Planned Parenthood tests for Gonorrhea and Chlamydia using urine samples. Most of their STI tests also require a genital exam. Rapid HIV testing can be done by swabbing the inside of the patient’s mouth and with results in as little as 10 minutes. They offer counseling for those whose tests come back positive. They also provide condoms, various forms of birth control and sexual health education.
The Carle Foundation has a hospital and health center located in Urbana. They offer HIV/AIDS testing and treatments. There are two doctors at the facility that specialize in HIV/AIDS care. These specialist endeavor to try and use a combination of the body’s natural healing process with up to date medication and treatment.
The Prairie Center in Champaign offers rapid oral HIV testing. Specialists are trained to educate patients about prevention methods, as well as effectively treat them. The center is actively involved within the community and several coalitions in a continued effort to advocate against the spread of STI’s and HIV/AIDS.
Better Sexual Health in Urbana, IL
Urbana, IL has a decent amount of resources, testing, and treatment for the population it has. While there has been an increase in STI’s throughout the state, this does not seem to be from a lack of information provided both in an academic and medical setting. Educational curriculum supports and advocates abstinence, while also promoting being smart when becoming sexually active. There has also been an effort to increase awareness within public schools. There is a Planned Parenthood within Urbana, and there are several locations throughout the county. Demographics and statistics suggest that African Americans are most likely to contract an STI. Regardless of the statistics, the best way to prevent STI’s is to either remain abstinent or practice safe sex with your partner. Urbana also provides several online resources that help educate about STI’s. One of which is: http://www.c-uphd.org/infectious-disease-resources.html As always, if you believe you have contracted an STI, please search out a testing center and seek treatment.
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