Additional STD Test Statistics in Jonesboro, AR
When ranked among the worst states to live regarding STI’s and HIV/AIDS, Arkansas ranked 6th. In 2014, 35 cases of Syphilis were reported in the northeastern portion of the state where Jonesboro is located. This was the lowest amount reported when compared to other sections of the state. Craighead county made of 2.3% of the cases reported.
2014 reports show that there were 137 Gonorrhea cases reported in Craighead county. This up 3.1% of the total cases in that portion of the state. However, the northeastern portion of the state ranked third highest for total cases reported.
The number of cases of Chlamydia in the northeastern part of Arkansas were also ranked third highest. Craighead county reported 626 cases in 2014. This made up for 4.1% of the total number of cases reported in the northeastern portion of the state.
In 2015 the HIV / AIDS prevalence in Craighead county was 2.5% of the total cases reported. 137 cases were reported in 2015. In the northeastern portion of the state, 16.3% of the cases reported were female and 83.7% of the cases were male. The largest ethnic demographic was Black, non-Hispanics at 62.8% of the cases reported. Most of the cases were a result of sexual interaction between two males (51.2%).
STI’s are a major health concern for the CDC in Arkansas. The CDC recommends HIV testing for patients aged 13 to 64 years of age. They recommend that this should be a part of routine medical care. When asked, only 59% of those asked reported using safe sex practices such as the use of condoms.
STD Testing and Sexual Health Education in Jonesboro, AR
Arkansas does not require sexual health education. Boards at the school district level decide whether to teach sexual education. If they do decide to teach it, abstinence is required to be taught as the preferred method of prevention. Contraceptives may be discussed, but it is not required that teachers do so. There are also no Safe School Laws in effect.
Several organizations including the Arkansas Citizens First Congress are calling for better sexual health education. While many groups are advocating for this due to teen pregnancy instead of the HIV/AIDS crisis, the belief is that it will also educate about how to prevent STI’s. The hope is that through more up to date education that encourages the use of contraceptives and how to prevent, treat and identify the symptoms of HIV/AIDS and STI’s there will a decrease in the cases reported.
The University of Arkansas offers a Sexuality Education and Consent study program through which research is done on sexuality, sexual health and well-being. In addition to this, students are trained through research on how to facilitate better sexual health awareness to others. This class is offered to students at the University of Arkansas campus.
The health center on the university campus also provides several services including STI testing. Before visiting it is recommended that students fill out the new patient form and bring in their insurance card (if they have one), as well as their student I.D. card. Clinic hours are Monday through Friday from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm.
The Le Bonheur Outpatient Center in West Memphis offers condoms. It is about an hour drive southeast from Jonesboro. Their goal is to network with other providers to prevent and treat the outbreak of HIV within their area.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Demographics in Jonesboro, AR
There are many interesting demographic points in Jonesboro. Many factors that seemed to have played a part in other cities across the nation do not seem pertinent in Jonesboro when it comes to STI’s and HIV/AIDS. The most likely correlation could possibly be made between healthcare, education and ethnicity.
There does not seem to be a correlation between ethnicity, poverty and STI’s. While in other cities the Black, non-Hispanic group made up the greatest percentage of those both living in poverty and affected with STI’s and/or HIV/AIDS. However, in Jonesboro, the White population living in poverty exceeds the Black population by nearly 20%. 8,917 White, non-Hispanics are living in poverty while only 5,421 Black, non-Hispanics are living below the poverty level.
Females are the largest gender demographic living in poverty. Women ages 18-24 are the poorest, making up 12% of women living in poverty. Women also make far less than men. Women, on average, make $35,713 a year as opposed to men who make 46,130 a year on average. When compared to STI and HIV/AIDS statistics, women are far less affected by all STI’s and HIV/AIDS than men.
Black, non-Hispanic women do however, receive less preventative women’s health care than White, non-Hispanic women. Out of 980 women, only 35 Black, non-Hispanic women enrolled in women’s preventive services. This could correlate with the fact that the poorest female demographic (women aged 18-24) have the second lowest number of individuals enrolled in health care. This demographic is also the highest female demographic infected with STI’s.
Education could also correlate with those who are infected with STI’s and/or AIDS/HIV.
In 2015 5.48 times more White students graduated than Blacks. 0.54 times less male students graduated than females. This could possibly correlate with the fact that Black, non-Hispanic males are the greatest demographic affected by STI’s and HIV/AIDS.
STI Testing Resources in Jonesboro, AR
There are many locations within Jonesboro, Arkansas that offer STI testing. It is generally recommended that you call ahead to confirm whether you will be required to make an appointment. However, many places offer walk in assistance. When you call you can also verify that they offer the test you require. For example, some clinics may test for HIV but not Gonorrhea. Most clinics also take mainstream insurance plans, but it is recommended you confirm they take yours as well.
The closest Planned Parenthood is in Memphis which is about a 1 hour and ten-minute drive. This Planned Parenthood accept many mainstream insurances such as Cigna, BlueCare Tennessee, Humana, TennCare Select, Tricare, United Healthcare, and United Healthcare Community Plan. They offer testing for HIV and STI’s including a rapid HIV saliva test that has results in 20-40 minutes. They are opened Monday thru Friday though the hours vary from day to day.
Aside from Planned Parenthood, there are several other locations that provide STI testing resources as well. Craighead County Health Unit has a STI Clinic located in Jonesboro. They offer testing for Chlamydia, HIV. Gonorrhea and Syphilis. For treatments, they offer the Hepatitis B vaccine, the Hepatitis A vaccine, and the HPV vaccine. They also offer counseling and safer sex education.
The Craighead County Health Unit operates weekly from Monday through Thursday. They accept both walk-ins and appointments. Both insurances and Medicaid are accepted.
There is also the Northeast Arkansas Regional AIDS Network. They offer free AIDS testing and Rapid HIV oral testing. They are open Monday through Thursday, but their hours change frequently. They require appointments.
Finally, there is the Arkansas Department of Health Craighead County Health Unit. The offer treatment, prevention and counseling for STI’s and HIV/AIDS.
Better Sexual Health in Jonesboro, AR
Jonesboro, Arkansas provides adequate resources, testing, and treatment for the population it has. There has been an increase in STI’s, and this could possibly come from the lack of education within the academic setting. While there is no Planned Parenthood within the city limits of Jonesboro, there is a center in a nearby Memphis and Jonesboro has several local clinics where testing and treatment is provided. Demographics and statistics suggest that African Americans males are most likely to contract an STI. It could be argued that this is a result of the percentage of white students that graduate as opposed to students of other ethnicities. Regardless of the statistics, the best way to prevent STI’s is to either remain abstinent or practice safe sex with your partner. Jonesboro also provides resources that help educate about STI’s. As always, if you believe you have contracted an STI, please search out a testing center and seek treatment. Here are the links to some of the resources mentioned above.