Additional STD Test Statistics in Texarkana, AR
In 2014, there were 15,428 cases of Chlamydia reported in Miller county. 25.4% of these cases were found in males while 74.6% were found in females. Black, non-Hispanics were the ethnic demographic greatest impacted (50.3%), while the White, non-Hispanic took up 41.6%. The age demographic most impacted were individuals aged 15-24 (71.5%). The state placed 10th as having the most cases.
Gonorrhea impacted females more than males: 54.9% compared to 45.2%. 65.3% of Black, non-Hispanics was impacted, followed by the White, non-Hispanic population (30.2%). The age demographic most impacted were those individuals aged 15-24. The state placed 8th as having the most cases.
A clear majority of individuals infected with Syphilis were male (75.9%). 24.1% of cases reported were females that were infected. The ethnic demographic most impacted were Black, non-Hispanics at 52.9%, followed by White, non-Hispanics at 41.2%. The greatest age demographic was ages 15-24. The state placed 29th as having the most cases.
In 2014, 259 of every 100,000-people living in Miller county were reported as having HIV. There were 553 reported cases of Black, non-Hispanics followed by 143 reported cases of White, non-Hispanics. There were 4.4 times more Black, non-Hispanic males infected than White, non-Hispanic males. The gender demographic most impacted were males. Most cases resulted from male to male sexual interaction. 104 deaths were reported as occurring due to HIV / AIDS. The state had more cases reported than the national average by almost 2%.
STD Testing and Sexual Health Education in Texarkana, AR
Arkansas does not require sexual health education. Boards at the school district level decide whether to teach sexual education. If they do decide to teach it, abstinence is required to be taught as the preferred method of prevention. Contraceptives may be discussed, but it is not required that teachers do so. There are also no Safe School Laws in effect.
Several organizations including the Arkansas Citizens First Congress are calling for better sexual health education. While many groups are advocating for this due to teen pregnancy instead of the HIV/AIDS crisis, the belief is that it will also educate about how to prevent STI’s. The hope is that through more up to date education that encourages the use of contraceptives and how to prevent, treat and identify the symptoms of HIV/AIDS and STI’s there will a decrease in the cases reported.
The Southwest Public Health Region – Miller County Health Unit in Texarkana not only offers testing and counseling, but they also offer preventative sexual health education. This includes partner notification, safer sex education, STD prevention/education and TB prevention. Their office hours are the same as their education hours and visitors are encouraged to visit their website for more information. This location also offers condoms free of charge.
There is also 1st Choice Pregnancy Center which is located about six minutes away in Texarkana, Texas. There offer STD education for both men and women. All their assistance is offered free of charge always to everyone.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Demographics in Texarkana, AR
There are several correlations between poverty level, ethnicity, gender, age, education, and the number of cases within Texarkana. The poverty rate is at 22.1%, causing Texarkana to fall below the country, state, and county level. The wealthiest group of people are the Native American Indians as they have the highest salary of $110,139 a year. The Native American Indian demographic has almost no cases to report of either STI’s or HIV / AIDS.
The poorest ethnic demographic are the Black, non-Hispanics. 3,565 individuals within this demographic are living below the poverty level. White, non-Hispanics are the second poorest demographic with 2,389 people living below the poverty level. These two groups are also most affected by STI’s and HIV / AIDS.
There could also be a correlation between the fact that overall, males are more affected by STI’s and HIV / AIDS and the fact that males have a lower graduation rate than females. In 2015, 407 females graduated as opposed to 234 males. This could suggest that perhaps a lack of education is resulting in the infection of STI’s and/or HIV / AIDS.
STI Testing Resources in Texarkana, AR
There are many locations within Texarkana that offer STI testing. It is generally recommended that you call ahead to confirm whether you will be required to make an appointment. However, you usually can just walk in. When you call you can also verify that they offer the test you require. For example, some clinics may test for HIV but not Gonorrhea. Most clinics also take mainstream insurance plans, but it is recommended you confirm they take yours as well.
First, there is the Arkansas Department of Health for Miller County. They are open Monday – through Friday. This site provides conventional HIV blood testing, rapid HIV oral testing, STI testing and the HPV vaccine among other services. The HPV vaccine is available to VFC patients only.
There is also the Special Health Resources for Texas Inc. Texarkana Clinic. This clinic is located six minutes from Texarkana, Arkansas. Their goal is to provide affordable and educational health service to the communities they serve. They are opened Mondays through Fridays from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm. If an individual needs HIV testing, the office hours are Mondays from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. It is encouraged that the individual call to verify the schedule before visiting.
There are no Planned Parenthood locations that are near Texarkana. The nearest location is in Fayetteville which is four hours north. Individuals are encouraged to make an appointment online. They are opened Mondays from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm, Tuesdays from 11:00 am to 7:00 pm, Wednesdays from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm, Thursdays from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, and Fridays from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. This Planned Parenthood accepts a wide variety of insurances- all of which are listed on their website.
They test for Gonorrhea and Chlamydia using urine samples. Most of their STI tests also require a genital exam. Rapid HIV testing can be done by swabbing the inside of the patient’s mouth and with results in as little as 20 minutes. They offer counseling for those whose tests come back positive.
Finally, there is the Bowie Health Center which is also located on the Texas side of Texarkana. It is six minutes away from the Arkansas side. They are opened Mondays through Thursdays 7:00 am to 12:00 pm and from 1:00 pm to 1:00 pm.
Better Sexual Health in Texarkana, AR
Texarkana provides excellent resources, testing, and treatment for the population it has. It also has the benefit of being able to share resources with its twin city on the Texas side of the state line. While there is no Planned Parenthood within the city limits of Texarkana, there are several local clinics where testing and treatment is provided. Demographics and statistics suggest that Black, non-Hispanics are most likely to contract an STI. It could be argued that this is a result of the poverty level at which Black, non-Hispanics live. Additionally, females are more impacted both due to poverty and lack of preventative health care received. Regardless of the statistics, the best way to prevent STI’s is to either remain abstinent or practice safe sex with your partner.