Fresno is a beautiful city with plenty of entertainment and enjoyable activities to offer. Business owners and vendors are friendly, welcoming both tourists and the locals. The people who are in charge of running the city take pride in the quality of these amenities, however; they, along with public health officials, share a concern over the rising numbers of STD infections being reported.
Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Herpes, HIV and Hepatitis B and C cases have been reported some with alarmingly high rates when compared to other cities in the state. STD clinics are available to offer private STD testing for anyone who thinks that they might be at risk for STD infection. Anyone who is struggling with financial resources can go to a free STD testing center that will charge them according with their income levels and it is possible to get testing without a charge if you are at or below the poverty level. Ordering STD testing is easy and it only takes 15 to 20 minutes of your time for a visit to a local lab.
Medical facilities that engage in STD testing report the test results to the CDC for inclusion in a national database. No personal information about clients is included, just demographics such as the specific disease, the age of the client, their gender, ethnicity and the region in which they reside. The information is used to generate reports that show which groups are at high risk for contracting specific STDs in that particular area. Analysts compile the data and share it with health officials and the public in order to better target high risk groups with information about their risk and where to go for testing and treatment. The following information shows the rates of STD infection in Fresno, California and the numbers used represent the reported cases per 100,000 in population of those who have been tested.
- Chlamydia – 588
- Gonorrhea – 155.8
- Primary and Secondary Syphilis – 12.3
- Late Latent Syphilis – 21.8
This data shows the rates for those who have been tested and does not account for those who have not, who may be carrying and spreading these diseases. These numbers are significantly higher than those reported in some other cities in the State and it is believed that if everyone were to be tested, the numbers and ratios of positive testing results would rise. This is why the sexual health of the city is dependent upon educating the public about the dangers of unsafe sex and getting the information out about who is the most at risk for sexually transmitted diseases.
Local public and health officials are aware that the scope of the problem for STD rates is tremendous. One of the strategies that they are using to combat the epidemic is the implementation of mandatory sexual health education as a part of the standard curriculum in the public schools. This is an attempt to reach young people before the age at which some may begin sexual experimentation. Knowledge of the dire consequences of unprotected sex including unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases might just help them to make better decisions about sexual activities. Because of sex education classes, students in Fresno will know where to go for a Herpes test or for HIV testing if they believe that they have been exposed.
A problem that is faced by the city is reaching the massive numbers of people who may not have previously had access to sexual health education, or may not be aware of the fact that they are at risk for STD infection. It is believed that ignorance of the problem may be one of the largest factors in the high rate and spread by people who are not even aware that they are infected. Poverty is a factor that heavily influences the rates because of a lower level of access to educational and financial resources.
In addition to this, age, gender and ethnicity are shown to be significant in predicting who is the most at risk for certain types of infection. The statistics for the are useful in identifying these groups. Chlamydia rates are twice as high for females than for the males who have been tested and found positive. Women of the 20 to 24 age groups have the highest incidences followed by those who are 25 to 29, then 15 to 19. Hispanics lead the rates with the highest numbers followed by Whites, then Blacks.
Gonorrhea rates are the highest in males age 20 to 24, followed by 25 to 29 and the female 20 to 24 age groups. Hispanics are reported to have the highest number of positive testing results for Gonorrhea in the region, followed by Whites, then Blacks.
Primary and secondary Syphilis rates are higher in men age 45 and over with those who are 35 to 44 the second highest, and the 25 to 29 group following. Rates are lower for females who were tested. With regard to ethnicity, Hispanics show the highest numbers followed by Whites and then Blacks.
There is help available for testing in the area. While there are plenty of STD testing clinics available, there will still be some persons who won’t be able to get in for testing immediately. Free testing centers offer reduced or free rates based upon income level, but when the funding for the cycle has run out, there could possibly be people who bed to wait until the funding for low income is renewed.
If you have ever had unprotected sex, then you could be at risk for being infected with a sexually transmitted disease. The best way to find out is to get tested. This will also help to prevent further spread of these infections. It is easy to order confidential STD testing and it only takes a few minutes of your time to stop by a lab and get your results on their way. Professional lab technicians will be there to help get your testing expedited quickly and to answer any questions that you may have. You’ll soon be on your way with greater peace of mind.