Information is collected from various sources to be included in the CDCs national database of statistics. Only demographic information is used so no names are collected, nor is any information which could be used for identification.
- Chlamydia -33,773 cases
- Gonorrhea – 8128 cases
- Early Syphilis -545 cases
- HIV – 434 newly diagnosed cases
- Hepatitis B – 61
- Hepatitis C- 54
The data gathered is a representation of what is provable about STDs in the region, but it’s thought that there are many more cases which have yet to be diagnosed. This helps in getting factual information out to the public which will let them know if they are a part of a group that is at a particularly high risk for infection. The most useful demographic information for statisticians is age, gender, ethnicity, area of residence and testing results. By using the data, results become more accurate for the development of improved strategies for reducing the incidence of and spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
Education is the most effective tool for combating the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. STD clinics are a good resource for obtaining factual information. Facts sheets, brochures and sponsored seminars provide useful information to the public about sexual health and when to be concerned about sexually transmitted disease. It also provides useful tips on how to observe the best safe sex practices for avoiding infection.
The local government has taken action by mandating the initiatives for sexual health education within the public schools as a part of the curriculum. The instruction gives students the facts and potential consequences of having unprotected sex. Information about where to get a Herpes test and HIV testing in Alexandria, Virginia helps these students to know what to do if they suspect that they have been exposed to these illnesses.
Joint efforts on the part of the healthcare system community, educators and local civic groups is helping to get the word out to all segments of the population. Public service announcements also help in promoting sexual health and awareness.
Studies have shown that poverty is an influential factor in increasing a person’s risk for contracting a sexually transmitted disease. It is believed that people with lower income levels have less access to educational information and health care resources for testing and treatment. The information that has been gathered about positive STD testing shows elderly that there are certain groups of people who have higher rates of STD infection than others.
Chlamydia is more common in people. This suggests that young people may be becoming sexually active earlier. Ethnicity breakdowns show a higher percentage of Black men and women with Chlamydia diagnoses followed by White, then Hispanic populations.
More females have Gonorrhea than males. Of these numbers the highest rates are found within the Black population followed by White, then Hispanic persons.
Males have overwhelmingly higher rates of Early Syphilis infection with over 90 percent compared to women who are diagnosed. The 20 to 24 and 25 to 29 years age groups are tied for the highest percentages followed by the 20 to 34 yr group. Rates are highest for Blacks, followed by Whites and Hispanics coming in at the third highest.
Having these statistics on hand makes selecting target groups for awareness campaigns more effective. Getting information about STD prevention into the hands of the most at risk people is the goal. The next objective is to ensure that the people know where to go for STD testing services. Although free testing centers do exist there is always the risk that funding for free or reduced cost testing services will not be available if funds are exhausted in between funding cycles.
STD testing is becoming a necessity for anyone who is sexually active and has run the risk of exposure to any type of STD. With rates going up, it pays to be safe rather than sorry later. Even if you don’t have any symptoms. Confidential STD testing services offer easy and convenient ordering with a short visit to the lab to complete the process. You’ll feel better knowing that you are taking the right steps.