Essex County, NJ, where Belleville is located, had the leading cases of HIV/AIDS with a total number of 9,386 cases and a prevalence rate of 1,427 cases in 2015. The prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in Essex County has been the highest recorded in NJ since 2007, indicating an intense need for awareness and elimination of common sexually transmitted diseases.
Additionally, the opioid epidemic in the U.S. has substantially increased the risk of HIV through the use of shared drug injection equipment.
Reported cases of chlamydia are similarly high in Essex County, with the prevalence rate of chlamydia consistently twice that of the State. 644 cases per 100,000 were reported in Essex County in 2008, whereas 718 per 100,000 were reported in 2016.
Congenital syphilis cases have also almost doubled, with 918 cases recorded in 2017, a 46.17% increase since 2016 alone.
Since sexually transmitted diseases have become a crisis for Essex County, the Health Department of New Jersey has been consistently striving to decrease the risk of HIV transmission through the provision of PrEP, clinics, and counseling services.
Additionally, the Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Program run by the Department of Health strives to reduce the impact of infections through free STD testing and treatment, partner notification services, and local education. Be aware that free services may be of limited scope, and booking appointments might be essential.
Further clinics near Belleville offer testing and treatment services, including the First Choice clinic on Halsey St in Newark, and the MedExpress Urgent Care on Bloomfield Avenue in Forest Hill.